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What is Dementia

The term ‘dementia’ is used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions. This includes Alzheimer’s disease, strokes and many other rarer conditions. Symptoms of dementia include loss of memory, confusion and problems with speech and understanding.

Dementia is progressive, which means the symptoms will gradually get worse. How fast dementia progresses will depend on the individual. Each person is unique and will experience dementia in their own way.

Symptoms of dementia include:

  • Loss of Memory − for example, forgetting the way home from the shops, or being unable to remember names and places, or what happened earlier the same day
  • Mood Changes − particularly as parts of the brain that control emotion are affected by disease. People with dementia may also feel sad, frightened or angry about what is happening to them
  • Communication Problems − a decline in the ability to talk, read and write. In the later stages of dementia, the person affected will have problems carrying out everyday tasks, and will become increasingly dependent on other people.

In the later stages of dementia, the person affected will have problems carrying out everyday tasks, and will become increasingly dependent on other people.